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In the name of God, the beneficent the merciful.All praise is due to God, Lord of the Worlds.How great God's creation of the universe is, that our Galaxy, Milky Way is even a dot of the entire Universe, yet our merciful God informs us that we should care of for his creation, including the crawling ants.



Question:
Is ONLY the Prophet (SAAW) wives part of the Ahlul Bayt (Prophet (SAAW) Family) according to the Sunni view?
And is Verse 33:33 only refered to the Prophet wives (SAAW) according to the Sunni view?
Answer: We have noticed that our brother, has posted his article:

http://www.ahlelbayt.com/articles/ahlel-bayt/word-games


And the brother claims that verse 33:33 of the Quran is ONLY referring to the wives of the Prophet (SAAW). So now if verse 33:33 according to the brother refers to Prophet (SAAW) wives ONLY, so therefore Ali, Fatima, Hassan and Hussain (peace be upon them) are excluded from this verse.


WE WANT TO LET THE VIEWERS OF THIS ARTICLE, KNOW THAT THERE IS NOT ONE HADITH IN THE 6 SUNNI RELIABLE BOOKS (SAHIH BUKHARI, SAHIH MUSLIM, SUNAN IBN MAJAH, SUNAN NASAI, SUNAN ABU DAWOOD), THAT CLAIMS THAT VERSE 33:33 REFERS TO THE WIVES OF THE PROPHET (SAAAW). WE CHALLENGE THE BROTHER TO BRING ONE HADITH FROM THE 6 RELIABLE BOOKS TO SHOW THAT VERSE 33:33 REFERS TO THE WIVES OF THE PROPHET (SAAW).
YET, THERE ARE ATLEAST 5 HADITHS IN THE 6 RELIABLE BOOKS THAT CLAIM ALI, FATIMA, HASSAN and HUSSAIN ARE THE PEOPLE REFERRING TO AHLUL BAYT IN VERSE 33:33.
- Atleast 1 HADITH IS IN SAHIH MUSLIM
- Atleast 4 HADITHS IN THIRMIDHI


WE WILL SHOW REFERENCES IN THIS ARTICLE BELOW:


First of all, I'd like to start with by saying, that the Shiite view is that this verse is purely referring to at that time, Ali, Fatima Zehra, Hassan and Hussain (Peace be to all of them). And infact, the famous hadith al-Kisa which has been recorded in both Sunni and Shia hadith books, is related to this verse 33:33. The Quran Verse 33:33, is as follows:


[33.33] And stay in your houses and do not display your finery like the displaying of the ignorance of yore; and keep up prayer, and pay the poor-rate, and obey Allah and His Apostle. Allah only desires to keep away the uncleanness from you, O people of the House (Ahlul Bayt)! and to purify you a (thorough) purifying.

I quotes the claims the brother has made from his article:

Allah Almighty clearly addresses the wives of the Prophet. If we were to argue that this verse is the verse of purification and that it makes certain people infallible, then we would have to conclude that it is Aisha and the rest of the Prophet’s wives which were made infallible

There is actually not a single verse in the Quran which identifies Ali , Fatima , Hasan , or Hussain to be Ahlel Bayt


The verse was revealed to the Prophet and was referring to his wives The entire verse 33:32-34 was revealed to caution the Prophet’s wives to stay inside their homes so that Allah could keep them pure and spotless

No where does it say in verse 33:33, "that Allah only desires to keep away the uncleanness from you, O wives of the Prophet! and to purify you a (thorough) purifying".

If God was addressing this verse strictly the wives of the Prophet only, surely in verse 33:33 he would say:

"that Allah only desires to keep away the uncleanness from you, O wives of the Prophet! and to purify you a (thorough) purifying"

instead of:

"that Allah only desires to keep away the uncleanness from you, O people of the House! and to purify you a (thorough) purifying"

We can also find out from Sahih Muslim (Hadith 5923), that the wives of the Prophet (SAAW) does not have to be part of his family, as a women lives with a man for a certain period, he then (can) divorce her and she goes back to her parents and to her people. This is hadith is very true, that the wife will never be part of husbands blood, but when they have children, they are always part of their parents blood.On top of that, for the Prophet (SAAW) family, he (SAAW) is going into more deep to describe who his family is, and that is someone whom Zakat has been forbidden. And Zakat was forbidden for Ali, and his offsprings. But Zakat was not forbidden for the wives of the Prophet.

http://www.usc.edu/schools/college/crcc/engagement/resources/texts/muslim/hadith/muslim/031.smt.html#031.5923

On top of that, the verse of purification (33:33), no one knew the Quran better after the Prophet (SAAW) passing away, then Imam Ali. So as historians have narrated, the battle that occured between Ali and Ayesha, referring to the battle of Jamal, surely Ali would have know the Ayesha is purified and not capable for doing unjustness, so for Ali to fight against Ayesha, and her army, would of been a major sin and mistake committed by Ali and his party and army (Shiite), but most Sunni's have confirmed, that it was Ayesha in the wrong, and not Ali. And look at the justness of Ali and his party, that after winning the Battle of Jamel, Ali did not go and kill or attack Ayesha even more, but he safely escorted her back to her place.
Also, the Prophet (SAAW) told his wives directly to stay in there house (Quran 33:33), yet Ayesha did not stay in her house when she fought with Ali. A battle only happens outside in the open in the battle field, this is directly going the orders of the Quran to the Prophet (SAAW) wives to stay in their houses.
On top of that, historians have written Ayesha did not have good relations with some of the sahaba's, such as Uthman ibn Hunayf. Uthman ibn Hunayf was good Sahaba and a supporter of Ali. This goes to show that Ayesha is not tathir (purified) as she committed many mistakes. But mojority of the Sunni scholars agree that Ali, Fatima, Hassan and Hussain's actions were of people, who was purified, and the historians have proved this by such actions as the Battle of Karbala. From as a young child, Hussain was foretold about the his destiny (of the Battle of Karbala) by the Prophet (SAAW) himself, and such a trategy end was Hussain's life, that not even Firon (Pharoah) killed the Children of Israel in such a way.
Here are the links:

Wives to stay in their house from Quran (verse 33:33):

http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/k/koran/koran-idx?type=simple&q1=stay+in+your&size=First+100

English Version of History of Tabari, Volume 14, Page 61 - Ayesha leave her house to fight Ali. Narrated by Sayf ibn Umar (Daif):

http://books.google.com.au/books?id=dWtEs2_pDp0C&pg=PA163&dq=ali's+grief+over+those+who+were+killed+at+the+battle&hl=en&ei=PCArTM3pDM6HkAXZ7MTyAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCoQ6AEwAA#v=snippet&q=mother%20of%20the%20faithful!%20by%20Allah!%20Affan%20is%20a%20lesser%20matter%20that%20your%20coming%20out%20from%20your%20house%20on%20this%20accursed%20camel&f=false

English Version of History of Tabari, Volume 14, Page 67 and 77 - Uthman ibn Hunayf bad relations with Ayesha, as she orded to kill Uthman ibn Hunayf. Narrated by Umar ibn Shabbah (Sahih):

http://books.google.com.au/books?id=dWtEs2_pDp0C&pg=PA163&dq=ali's+grief+over+those+who+were+killed+at+the+battle&hl=en&ei=PCArTM3pDM6HkAXZ7MTyAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCoQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=when%20they%20had%20captured%20uthman%20b.%20hunayf&f=false

English Version of History of Tabari, Volume 14, Page 64 - Uthman ibn Hunayf bad relations with Ayesha. Narrated by Sayf ibn Umar (Daif):

http://books.google.com.au/books?id=dWtEs2_pDp0C&pg=PA163&dq=ali's+grief+over+those+who+were+killed+at+the+battle&hl=en&ei=PCArTM3pDM6HkAXZ7MTyAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCoQ6AEwAA#v=snippet&q=do%20you%20say%20such%20things%20to%20the%20mother%20of%20the%20faithful%20Hakim%20thrust%20the%20head%20of%20his%20spear&f=false

English Version of History of Tabari, Volume 14, Page 26 - Uthman ibn Hunayf was a good sahaba, because he sided with Ali and joined his army:

http://books.google.com.au/books?id=dWtEs2_pDp0C&pg=PA163&dq=ali's+grief+over+those+who+were+killed+at+the+battle&hl=en&ei=PCArTM3pDM6HkAXZ7MTyAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCoQ6AEwAA#v=snippet&q=ali%20sends%20out%20his%20governors%20to%20the%20garrison%20cities%3A%20uthman%20b.%20hunayf%20to%20&f=false

So we need to look for the hadith and historians to find out who this verse is referring to. Another example, is the Quranic verse "[80.2] Because there came to him the blind man". How would we know that who the blind man is from this verse. So We must conduct a research and see what majority of the tafsir, hadith and historian claim who the blind man is in verse 80:2.Alot tafsir books for which inclused both Shia and Sunni tafsir, claim that the blind man was 'Abdullah Ibn Umm Maktum.

http://www.altafsir.com/Tafasir.asp?tMadhNo=0&tTafsirNo=73&tSoraNo=80&tAyahNo=2&tDisplay=yes&UserProfile=0&LanguageId=2

Now we have to research who "The People of House (Ahlul Bayt)" are, and who this Verse 33:33 referring to when they mention Ahlul Bayt. A whole bunch of Sunni tafsir and hadith reference has been given in these 2 articles listed below:

http://www.al-islam.org/encyclopedia/chapter1a/3.html

http://www.al-islam.org/encyclopedia/chapter1a/4.html

On top of that, great Sunni ulema's have declared verse 33:33 referring to Ali, Fatima, Hassan and Hussain. Watch youtube video below (Video is in the language urdu / hindi):

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ws1oVLwo7oo&feature=related



Anyway, We will start with Sunni Tafsir of Asbab Al-Nuzul by Al-Wahidi of verse 33:33:

‘Ata’ ibn Abi Rabah who said: “Some of those who heard Umm Salamah related to me that she mentioned that the Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, was in her house when Fatimah, may Allah be well pleased with her, came with a pot containing a meat dish. The Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, said to her: ‘Call for me your husband and your sons!’ ‘Ali, al-Hasan and al-Husayn came in and sat down to eat from the meat dish while the Prophet was sitting on his place of sleep and he had under him a garment made in Khaybar. Umm Salamah said: ‘I was praying in my room when Allah, exalted is He, revealed this verse (Allah’s wish is but to remove uncleanness far from you, O Folk of the Household…). He grabbed the extension of the garment and covered them with it. Then, he got his hands out, raised them toward heaven and said: ‘O Allah, these are the folk of my household and my closest family members, please remove uncleanness from them and cleanse them with a thorough cleansing’. I put my head inside and said: ‘And I am with you, O Messenger of Allah!’ And he answered: ‘You will gain good! You will gain good!’

http://www.altafsir.com/Tafasir.asp?tMadhNo=1&tTafsirNo=86&tSoraNo=33&tAyahNo=33&tDisplay=yes&UserProfile=0&LanguageId=2

Tafsir Al-Wahidi has clearly proves that Ahlul Bayt did include Ali, Fatima, Hassan and Hussain (Peace be to all of them).

Now further on, we will have a look at 6 most reliable Sunni hadith book, Sahih Bukhari, Sahih Muslim, Thirmidhi, Ibn Majah, Nasai and Thirmidhi. For the brother to claim that the Ahlul Bayt refers to the Prophet (SAAW) wives only, and that verse 33:33 refers to the Prophet (SAAW) wives only, he is surely going against the hadith's of his 6 most reliable books. NO WHERE in this 6 reliable books does it mention that verse 33:33 refers to the Prophet (SAAW) wives AT ALL. Infact, when you have a look at the section of Virtues of the Companions, in the books, Sahih Muslim, Thirmidhi, you will see that the Virtues of Prophet (SAAW) Family is referring to Ali, Fatima, Hassan, Hussain (Peace be to all of them).
Infact, one surprising issue that both the Shia and Sunni people might not have come across is that:

All agree that Ali was the son in law of the Prophet (SAAW), and Fatima was the direct daughter of the Prophet (SAAW). But Sunni view, along with some of the Shia view also agrees that Uthman ibn Affan was the son in law of the Prophet (SAAW), and Uthman was married to the daughters of the Prophet, Ruqayyah and Umm Kulthoom. Ruqayyah and Umm Kulthoom were initially meant to be married to the son's of Abu Lahab (who is condemed in the Quran, Surah Al-Masad 111:1-5). But after the revalation of Surah Al-Masad, Abu Lahab informed his sons, Utbah and Utaybah, to leave thethe Prophet's daughter Ruqayyah and Umm Kulthoom. So after the divorce of Ruqayyah to Utbah, Uthman had proposed to Ruqayyah, and The Messenger of God (SAAW),gave Ruqayyah to Uthman ibn Affan for marriage.

Sunni reference: biography of Uthman ibn Affan (Dhun Noorayn), by Dr. Ali Muhammad AS-Sallabi. Page, 20

So now in agreement to Sunni view, we have 2 son laws of the Prophet, and 3 daughters of the Prophet (SAAW), Fatima who marriage Ali, and Ruqayyah and Umm Kulthoom who married Uthman ibn Affan.

So why in the hadiths, the Prophet (SAAW) claims that his family only is Ali, Fatima, Hassan and Hussain in the 6 reliable hadiths?

Why did not the Prophet (SAAW) in the hadith books sections of Virtues of Companions, refer to Uthman as his family?

Why did not the Prophet (SAAW) in the hadith books sections of Virtues of Companions, refer to Ruqayyah and Umm Kulthoom as his family?

Why was not Uthman ibn Affan part of the mubahila (Quran 3:60 "Come let us call our sons and your sons and our women and your women and our near people and your near people")?

Why was not Ruqayyah and Umm Kulthoom part of the mubahila (Quran 3:60)?

But the fact is that Ali, Fatima, Hassan and Hussain were the special people that God had chosen for the Prophet (SAAW) to claim that these are his best of family, the family that will fight for the Prophet (SAAW) cause after he (SAAW) passes away, the family will fight for the Quran, the family that would fight for justice and stand against oppression, the family that can promote goodness, education and a social justice in the society. This is the reason why the Ali, Fatima, Hassan and Hussain are referred ONLY to as the best family of the Prophet (SAAW) in the sections of Virtues of Companions in the 6 reliable books, because God and the Prophet (SAAW) had trust on Fatima, and her sons, Hassan and Hussain, Zain ul Abideen, Muhammad Baqir, Jafar Sadiq, and so on. It was the Ahlul Bayt who fought for the justice after the Prophet (SAAW) had passed away. You will see in history, Ali never participated in Uthman ibn Affan's government system, and he fought Muawiya who was causing many big fitnah in Islam, and you will then see the son's of Ali, Hasan who fought verbally for the sake of Islam, and then you will see Hussain who never gave the bayyah to the Bani Ummayah (because they were totally unjust), and Hussain prefered to die in Karbala with his family and followers, rather to give the bayyah to the Bani Ummayah rulers at that time. In other articles we will discuss more about history, and we will provide with reference of history from Sunni books.

Below is the list of reference from the 6 reliable books and the historians:

Sahih Muslim 031, Number 5955 from internet, or hadith number 6261 from the book:
Aisha said: The Prophet (SAAW) went out one morning wearing a striped cloak of black camel hair. Al-Hassan ibn Ali came and he enfolded him in the cloak, thenAl-Husain came and he enfolded him in it, then Ali came and he enfolded him in it, then he (SAAW) said, "(Quran 33:33) God wishes only to remove Ar-Rijs (evil deeds and sins)" from you, O members of the family, and to purify you with a thorough purification.

http://www.usc.edu/schools/college/crcc/engagement/resources/texts/muslim/hadith/muslim/031.smt.html#031.5955

http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_pUEuMkDTfI0/SlImF0RpkxI/AAAAAAAAABY/PsV0pbXZV4o/s1600-h/6261.JPG

Thirmidhi 3205:
The step-son of Prophet said, "What these Ayat were revealed to the Prophet (SAAW), 'God only wishes to remove the Rijs (evil deeds) from you, O Members of the family (Ahlul Bayt), and to purify you with a thorough purification (Verse 33:33)'. The Prophet (SAAW) called Ali, Fatima, Hassan and Hussain"

Thirmidhi 3206:
For six months, The Messenger of God (SAAW) would pass by the door of Fatima when going to the Fajr prayer saying: "As-Salat, O people of the house! God only wishes to remove Rijs (evil deeds) from you, O Members of the family (Ahlul Bayt)", and to purify you with a thorough purification (verse 33:33)"

http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_pUEuMkDTfI0/TDMpeAOhm8I/AAAAAAAAASA/SnelFqTuwgw/s1600/3205+and+3206.JPG

Umm Salamah narrated: "The Prophet (SAAW) put a garment over Al-Hasan, Al-Husain, Ali and Fatima, then he said: "O God, these are the people of my house (family),"so remove Rijs (evil and sins) from them and purify them thoroughly (Quran 33:33)." So Umm Salamah said, And am I with them O Messenger of God (SAAW)?He said: "You are upon good" (Hasan)

http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_pUEuMkDTfI0/SlQgQLVFXOI/AAAAAAAAADY/6eM0XVN9Yp4/s1600-h/3870+and+3871.JPG

Sahih Muslim 031, Number 5915:
This hadith has been narrated. on the authority of Shu'ba with the same chain of transmitters. Amir b. Sa'd b. Abi Waqqas reported on the authority of his father that Muawiya b. Abi Sufyin appointed Sa'd as the Governor and said: What prevents you from abusing Abu Turab (Hadrat 'Ali), whereupon be said: It is because of three things which I remember Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) having said about him that I would not abuse him and even if I find one of those three things for me, it would be more dear to me than the red camelg. I heard Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) say about 'Ali as he left behind him in one of his campaigns (that was Tabuk). 'All said to him: Allah's Messenger, you leave me behind along with women and children. Thereupon Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) said to him: Aren't you satisfied with being unto me what Aaron was unto Moses but with this exception that there is no prophethood after me. And I (also) heard him say on the Day of Khaibar: I would certainly give this standard to a person who loves Allah and his Messenger and Allah and his Messenger love him too. He (the narrator) said: We have been anxiously waiting for it, when he (the Holy Prophet) said: Call 'Ali. He was called and his eyes were inflamed. He applied saliva to his eyes and handed over the standard to him, and Allah gave him victory. (The third occasion is this) when the (following) verse was revealed:" (Quran 3:60) Let us summon our children and your children." Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) called 'Ali, Fitima, Hasan and Husain and said: O Allah, they are my family.



http://www.usc.edu/schools/college/crcc/engagement/resources/texts/muslim/hadith/muslim/031.smt.html#031. 5915


Sahih Muslim 031, Number 5923:
Yazid b. Hayyan reported: We went to him (Zaid b. Arqam) and said to him. You have found goodness (for you had the honour) to live in the company of Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) and offered prayer behind him, and the rest of the hadith is the same but with this variation of wording that lie said: Behold, for I am leaving amongst you two weighty things, one of which is the Book of Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, and that is the rope of Allah. He who holds it fast would be on right guidance and he who abandons it would be in error, and in this (hadith) these words are also found: We said: Who are amongst the members of the household? Aren't the wives (of the Holy Prophet) included amongst the members of his house hold? Thereupon he said: No, by Allah, a woman lives with a man (as his wife) for a certain period; he then divorces her and she goes back to her parents and to her people; the members of his household include his ownself and his kith and kin (who are related to him by blood) and for him the acceptance of Zakat is prohibited.


http://www.usc.edu/schools/college/crcc/engagement/resources/texts/muslim/hadith/muslim/031.smt.html#031.5923


Now we will see what the historians have written on who the family of the Prophet (SAAW) was:
English Version of History of Tabari, Volume 14, The Conquest of Iran, Page 153:
Narrated from 3 historians, Umar ibn Shabbah, Abu Mikhnaf, Muhammad ibn Abdullah Ansari:
When Uthman was elected in the shura, Miqdad saids: "I have never seen such (trategy) things that have visited upon the People of the house after the death of their Prophet (SAAW)."...Then Abd al-Rahman asks Miqdad who are the people of the house. Miqdad replies, "the people of the house are Banu al-Muttalib (Ali's offsprings) and that man is Ali ibn Abi Talib."



English Version of History of Tabari, volume 39, Biographies of the Prophet's Companions and Their Succesors, page 155 (also see footnote of Verse 33:33):


According to Abd al-Ala ibn Wasil and Sufyan ibn Waki: Abu Al-Hamra said, "I lived in Medina for seven months during the Prophet's lifetime, each day at dawn I saw the Prophet (SAAW) come to the door of Ali and Fatima and call, "To the prayer, to the prayer. Indeed God simply wishes to take away the foulness from you and to purify you thoroughly (Quran 33:33)"


http://books.google.com.au/books?id=czSP046th6IC&pg=PA206&dq=successors+who+died+in+the+year+32&hl=en&ei=h-IlTNnNAo7RcZHXwO0C&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CDEQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Allah%20simply%20wishes%20to%20&f=false


Prophet said: whoever wishes to live like me, and to die like me, and to enter the gardens some of whose branches God promised to give me, let him befriend Ali ibn Abi Talib and his descendants, for they will never lead him out through to door of the right path, and never lead him through to door of error.


http://books.google.com.au/books?id=czSP046th6IC&pg=PA206&dq=successors+who+died+in+the+year+32&hl=en&ei=h-IlTNnNAo7RcZHXwO0C&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CDEQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Allah%20simply%20wishes%20to%20&f=false


Such a description has been said about Ali ibn Abi Talib and his family, that the Prophet (SAAW) said whoever wants to be like me, should befriend Ali ibn Abi Talib, yet during the khilfah of Abu Bakr, Umar and Uthman, Ali didn't play any role in governorship positions, until he became the khilafah himself after Uthman ibn Affan. This is more proof of Ali ibn Abi Talib's right to be the khilafah after the Prophet (SAAW), and that Ali is part of Ahlul Bayt.
This be enough proof to convince the wahabi's that Ali, Fatima, Hassan and Hussain are part of verse 33:33.

Salaam, and peace to all.

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